Paediatric scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine in children and adolescents. It usually develops before the age of 18 and can be caused by various factors, such as structural deformities, muscle imbalances, or underlying medical conditions.
Bowed knees, medically known as genu varum, is a condition where a person’s knees curve outward, causing the legs to appear bowed or bent away from each other at the knee while the ankles are together. This condition can occur in children and adults and may affect one or both legs.
Paediatric flat feet, also known as pediatric or children’s flat feet, is a condition in which a child has little to no arch in the sole of their foot. It is a common and typically painless condition in children where the arches do not develop as expected, resulting in the entire sole making contact with the ground when standing.