Degenerative Disc Disease is when the soft, cushion-like discs between the bones of your spine (vertebrae) wear down or degenerate over time. These discs act as shock absorbers and help your spine stay flexible. When they deteriorate, it can lead to pain and discomfort in the back and neck.
Spondylolisthesis is like a puzzle piece in your spine moving out of place. Your spine comprises many small bones called vertebrae; sometimes, one can slip forward over the one below it. This can happen because of age, injury, or other reasons. When it does, it can pressure your nerves and cause pain.
A vertebral fracture refers to a break or crack in one of the vertebrae, the small bones that make up the spine. These fractures can occur in any part of the spine and range from mild to severe. Vertebral fractures can be caused by various factors, including trauma, osteoporosis, tumours, or certain medical conditions that weaken the bones.