Patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper’s knee, is an injury that affects the tendon connecting the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone. It’s typically caused by repetitive stress on the patellar tendon, often due to activities that involve jumping or running. This condition is commonly found in athletes involved in sports such as basketball, volleyball, or track and field
Patellar tendinitis is relatively common among athletes, especially those in sports involving jumping or frequent explosive movements. It can also occur in non-athletes who perform activities that strain the patellar tendon.
Patellar tendinitis, also known as jumper’s knee, is primarily caused by repetitive stress and overuse of the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap to the shinbone. The major causes include:
The symptoms of patellar tendinitis, commonly known as jumper’s knee, typically include:
The diagnosis of patellar tendinitis typically involves:
A doctor will conduct a comprehensive physical exam to assess the knee’s range of motion, tenderness, and swelling and to identify any muscular weakness.
Your medical history, exercise routine, and any past or current activities that might contribute to the condition will be discussed.
In some cases, imaging tests like X-rays or MRI scans might be used to rule out other knee problems and to visualise the extent of damage or inflammation in the patellar tendon.
An ultrasound might be used to visualise the patellar tendon’s structure and look for any signs of inflammation or damage.
Complications related to patellar tendinitis can include:
The treatment options for patellar tendinitis can involve a combination of the following:
Allow the affected area to rest and reduce activities exacerbating the symptoms. Modifying exercises or activities can help reduce strain on the knee.
Specific exercises can help strengthen the muscles around the knee, improving flexibility and reducing strain on the patellar tendon.
Over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs can help manage pain and swelling.
Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and alleviate discomfort.
Wearing straps or braces around the knee may help reduce strain on the tendon.
Sometimes, a doctor may recommend injections to decrease inflammation and pain.
This treatment uses shockwaves to stimulate the healing process in the affected area.
In rare cases where conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgical procedures may be considered to remove degenerated tissue or repair the patellar tendon.
Preventing Patellar Tendinitis
Preventing patellar tendinitis involves several strategies:
Living with patellar tendinitis involves several self-care measures to manage the condition effectively:
Patellar tendinitis can be a challenging condition, affecting mobility and causing discomfort. Managing it effectively requires a multifaceted approach, including rest, exercise, and medical advice. If you’re experiencing persistent knee pain or have concerns about patellar tendinitis, seeking professional care is vital.
At The Orthopaedic Practice and Surgery Clinic, we provide expert guidance and care to help you manage this condition. Request an appointment today for personalised treatment and support in managing your patellar tendinitis effectively.