Knee replacement is a transformative procedure to alleviate pain, restore function, and enhance your overall well-being. At TOPS, our team of skilled orthopaedic specialists is committed to providing personalised and comprehensive care for patients seeking relief from knee-related challenges.
Knee replacement is a transformative procedure to alleviate pain, restore function, and enhance your overall well-being. At TOPS, our team of skilled orthopaedic specialists is committed to providing personalised and comprehensive care for patients seeking relief from knee-related chKnee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to address chronic knee pain, arthritis, and joint damage that hinders everyday activities. This transformative intervention involves the removal of damaged portions of the knee joint and their replacement with artificial components. The goal is to enhance joint function, alleviate pain, and allow individuals to regain mobility and enjoy a more active lifestyle.allenges.
Knee replacement surgery, or knee arthroplasty, is a medical procedure in which a damaged or diseased knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint. This surgery is typically considered when conservative treatments no longer provide relief and severe pain or disability affects the quality of life. Here are common reasons why someone might undergo knee replacement:
Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for knee replacement surgery. It is a degenerative joint disease characterised by the breakdown of joint cartilage, leading to pain, swelling, and decreased mobility.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that affects the synovium, the lining of the membranes surrounding joints. Over time, it can damage the cartilage and bone within the knee joint, necessitating knee replacement.
Severe fractures or injuries to the knee joint can result in post-traumatic arthritis. Over time, this can lead to joint damage and the need for a knee replacement.
Osteonecrosis is a condition where the blood supply to the bone is disrupted, leading to bone death. It can affect the knee joint and result in the need for knee replacement.
Other types of inflammatory arthritis, such as psoriatic arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, can affect the knee joint, causing pain and deformities that may require surgical intervention.
Structural abnormalities or instability in the knee joint, whether congenital or acquired, can lead to degeneration and may require surgical correction through knee replacement.
In some cases, individuals may undergo knee replacement if previous knee surgeries, such as arthroscopy or partial knee replacement, have failed to provide relief or have resulted in complications.
Tumours in or around the knee joint may necessitate the removal of the affected joint and its replacement with an artificial one.
Extensive damage or chronic tears to the meniscus, the cartilage in the knee that acts as a cushion, may result in ongoing pain and functional impairment that cannot be effectively managed through conservative treatments.
Individuals experiencing severe and persistent knee pain, as well as significant disability that affects daily activities, may opt for knee replacement surgery when other treatments no longer provide adequate relief.
Preparing for knee replacement surgery involves several steps to ensure that you are physically and mentally ready for the procedure and the subsequent recovery period. Here are some general guidelines to help you prepare:
Several knee replacement procedures are designed to address specific conditions and patient needs. The two main categories of knee replacement surgeries are total knee replacement (TKR) and partial knee replacement (PKR). Here are some common types of knee replacement procedures:
Revision knee replacement is a surgical procedure performed when a previous knee replacement has failed or needs to be replaced. This may be due to wear and tear, loosening of components, infection, or other complications.
During the surgery, the existing prosthetic components are removed, and new components are implanted. To address bone loss, the surgeon may use specialised techniques, implants, and sometimes bone grafts.
Recovery from revision knee replacement can be more challenging than the initial knee replacement, and rehabilitation is crucial to regain function and mobility.
Arthroscopic meniscus surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat tears or damage to the meniscus, which is the C-shaped cartilage in the knee.
The surgeon uses an arthroscope, a small camera, and specialised instruments inserted through tiny incisions to visualise and repair the meniscus. This can involve trimming the torn part, repairing the tear, or, in some cases, removing the damaged portion.
Recovery from arthroscopic meniscus surgery is typically faster than traditional open surgery. Physical therapy is often recommended to restore strength and flexibility.
Arthroscopic ligament reconstruction is a surgical procedure to repair or reconstruct a torn ligament in the knee, often the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).
The surgeon visualises the knee joint using arthroscopy and reconstructs the torn ligament using grafts, commonly from the patient’s tendons (autografts) or donor (allograft).
Recovery involves a period of immobilisation and physical therapy to regain strength, stability, and range of motion. The rehabilitation process is essential for the success of the reconstruction.
The knee replacement surgery process involves several crucial stages to ensure a successful and effective procedure:
Before surgery, a comprehensive assessment is conducted to evaluate your overall health and the extent of knee joint damage. This includes reviewing your medical history, physical examinations, and, often, imaging tests such as X-rays.
Your orthopaedic surgeon guides preoperative preparations, which may include lifestyle adjustments and medications. Preoperative exercises may enhance muscle strength and flexibility around the knee.
On the day of surgery, anaesthesia is administered to ensure a pain-free experience. The surgeon then makes an incision to access the knee joint. The size and location of the incision vary based on the specific surgical approach chosen.
In a total knee replacement, damaged joint surfaces are removed, and artificial components are securely placed. Often made of metal and plastic, these components replicate natural knee movement. Partial knee replacement or resurfacing involves targeted replacement of damaged portions while preserving healthy structures.
Once the replacement or resurfacing is complete, the incision is closed using sutures or staples. The wound is dressed, and you are moved to a recovery area.
You’ll be closely monitored for any immediate complications in the recovery area. Pain management strategies are initiated, and gentle movements may be encouraged to prevent stiffness.
The length of your hospital stay varies but typically ranges from a few days to a week. During this time, physical therapists work with you to initiate controlled exercises, focusing on joint mobility and strength.
Recovery and rehabilitation are integral components of the postoperative journey after knee replacement surgery, aimed at optimising mobility and ensuring long-term success:
For those contemplating knee replacement, recognise this procedure’s transformative potential for restoring mobility and alleviating chronic pain. Our commitment to compassionate care and orthopaedic excellence at TOPS ensures a personalised journey toward improved knee health.
If persistent knee issues hinder your daily activities, take the first step toward a more active life. Seek professional advice from our experienced team. From informative consultations to surgical interventions, we are dedicated to guiding you through the process, ensuring you regain the comfort and mobility you deserve.
Don’t let knee discomfort limit your lifestyle any longer. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and embark on a path towards renewed vitality. Your journey to improved knee health starts with a call to TOPS.